Infections, deaths, and vaccinations: Three graphs show the new wave of COVID-19 in Latin America

Uruguay was the country most affected last week, compared to its population (3.47 million people), in terms of the number of injured and the number of deaths.

Written by Edgar Romero J.

Mexico City, April 21 (RT). – Latin america He was facing prof Hello again The epidemic Corona VirusWhile in some countries the immunization process is progressing.

Several countries have already detected cases and community transmission of more aggressive variants of COVID-19, such as the Brazilian and British, as well as South Africa and New York.

The country worst affected last week, compared to its population (3.47 million), is Uruguay. According to the location Our world in data, From the University of Oxford, which publishes data on the progress of the epidemic in the world, in the past seven days – from 13 to 20 April – this South American country recorded an average of 818.26 positive cases of Corona virus per day per million people.

According to the Ministry of Public Health, Uruguay had accumulated 169,327 cases of coronavirus as of Tuesday, more than 19,897 cases seven days ago.

It is followed by Argentina (which has a population of 45.2 million), with an average of 520.34 cases per million people in the past seven days. As of Tuesday, the Health Portfolio had recorded 2,743,620 positive diagnoses of COVID-19 since the start of the epidemic, an increase of 164,620 from April 13.

The country worst affected last week, compared to its population (3.47 million), is Uruguay. Photo: RT

Meanwhile, the incidence rate in Chile (19.12 million citizens) reached 354.81 cases per day last week, per million inhabitants. On April 20, the Ministry of Health reported that one million, 136,435 cases had been infected since March 2020; Last week, 47,725 people tested positive.

Colombia, Paraguay, Brazil, Peru, Costa Rica, Guyana and Ecuador are among the top ten countries in the region that saw an increase in the incidence rate in the past week, compared to their population.

Colombia, which considers the current situation to be the third peak of the epidemic, is currently recording the highest household occupancy rate in intensive care units (ICU), at 77.38 percent, according to the latest report from the Ministry of Health, which indicated that there are 6 thousand 233 people among the confirmed cases. And suspects for COVID-19 and 3,488 for other diseases. On April 1, this index was at 61.79 percent. The situation is even more alarming in Medellin, where the number of these places of detention occupied on Tuesday reached 99 percent.

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Brazil continues to be the country with the highest daily figures; For example, last week it detected 443,000 082 infections; However, it is the most populous country in the region, with a population of 212.56 million.

In Ecuador, the same Minister of Health, Camilo Salinas, confirmed that there are waiting lists across the country for patients seeking an ICU bed, Quito is the city most affected in this new wave, from which Guayaquil is not escaping either. – Most affected at the beginning of the epidemic.

Bolivia follows the list of the top ten countries, with 91.69 daily infections per million people recorded last week. Honduras (82.34), Suriname (78.90), Guatemala (74.78), Panama (72.77), Venezuela (44.03), Mexico (27.50), El Salvador (22.80), Belize (19.76).

Deaths due to Covid-19 disease

Uruguay, according to its residents, also has the leading position in the death rate from the Corona virus in the region.

Last week, the average daily death rate was 17.56 per million inhabitants. The Ministry of Public Health reported, Tuesday, April 20, that 2,022 people diagnosed with COVID-19 have died, an increase of 427 from those registered as of April 13.

Uruguay, according to its residents, also has the leading position in the death rate from the Corona virus in the region. Photo: RT

In death rate, Brazil ranks second in the region, with an average rate of 13.16 deaths per day in the past week per million citizens. According to the National Council of Health Ministers (CONASS), as of Tuesday, 378,003 deaths from the giant epidemic had accumulated in South America, up 19,578 from last week.

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Peru ranks third, with 10.68 deaths from COVID-19 per day from April 13 to 20 per million inhabitants. On Tuesday, the Ministry of Health stated that 57,954 people have died from COVID-19 in the country, and only last week there were 2,465 deaths.

Near Paraguay, which has a population of 7.13 million, had an average daily death rate last week of 9.85 per million citizens. In a report by the Ministry of Health last Tuesday, 5,470 deaths were reported throughout the epidemic, of which 492 died in the past week.

They are followed by Colombia, Chile, Argentina, Ecuador, Mexico and Guyana, among the 10 countries that recorded the highest daily death rate per million inhabitants last week.

There is also Bolivia, with 2.44 daily deaths in the past seven days per million citizens; Guatemala (1.77), Costa Rica (1.68), Honduras (1.49), Suriname (0.97), Venezuela (0.65), Panama (0.63) and El Salvador (0.55).

What is being done to stop spreads?

The vaccination process is progressing in some countries. The three countries that last week recorded the highest daily infection rate per million inhabitants, namely Uruguay, Argentina and Chile, also led the vaccination process in the region.

Chile is the most vaccinated country. According to the location Our world in dataThis country has applied medicine against COVID-19 to 40.69 percent of its population as of April 19. According to the information provided by the authorities, until that day, 7 million 777 thousand 919 people have been vaccinated, of whom 5 million 574 thousand 683 have completed the immunization process, with the required two doses of medicine.

Uruguay, for its part, had vaccinated 31.14 percent of its population as of Tuesday, April 20; In Argentina, the vaccination rate is 12.44.

The three countries that last week recorded the highest daily infection rate per million inhabitants, namely Uruguay, Argentina and Chile, also led the vaccination process in the region. Photo: RT

Among the ten countries that received the most vaccinations are Brazil, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Mexico, Belize, Panama and Guyana.

They are joined by Suriname, where 5.90 per cent of its population has been immunized; Colombia (5.26 percent), Bolivia (3.31 percent), Peru (2.26 percent), Ecuador (2.14 percent), Paraguay (1.06 percent), Venezuela (0.88 percent), Guatemala (0.87 percent) and Honduras ( 0.56 percent).

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Since the end of March, between 80 and 90 percent of the population in Chile has been detained – it varies according to the government’s “step-by-step” scheme – to contain this second wave of the Coronavirus.

In Argentina, on Friday, April 16, some restrictions came into effect in the Buenos Aires Metropolitan Region (AMBA), such as a ban on night traffic between 20:00 and 06:00; Recreational, social, cultural, sports and religious activities have been suspended indoors, and commercial activities will be closed at 19:00.

Meanwhile, some activities in Uruguay, such as classes, have been suspended; Nevertheless, the government of Louis Lacal Poe continues to appeal to “responsible freedom” and has not issued a decree of mandatory imprisonment. At the end of March, the president admitted that the country was going through a “complicated” moment, but ruled out quarantine, noting that his administration “does not believe in the police state.”

In Brazil, in the face of Jair Bolsonaro’s persistent refusal to impose measures to prevent the spread of the virus, state governors enforced their restrictions.

For its part, the Colombian government this week put in place measures for every city based on the occupation of intensive care units. For example, in cities with more than 85 percent of these occupied units, “pico y cédula” is applied, which consists in the fact that on certain days entry to commercial enterprises and the use of public transport are only allowed according to the last number of the identity document. Their own ; In addition to the curfew between 18:00 and 05:00.

In Ecuador, there are currently only a handful of measures in place to stop the infection, and at the moment, the Committee for Emergency Operations (COE) is ruling out outright confinement. The Ombudsman’s Office urged the government to “issue an exceptional case” and apply the necessary measures “so that the most affected cantons and provinces go into mandatory general isolation for at least 15 days”, with the aim of stopping the collapse of healthcare. the system.

Among the ten countries that received the most vaccinations are Brazil, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Mexico, Belize, Panama and Guyana. Photo: Víctor R. Caivano, AP

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