Where did MMA (Mixed Martial Arts) come from, and what is it, what is this sport, and where will the modern industry lead it? The answer seems to be simple, but behind these three letters lies more than two thousand years of history, the universal martial arts in the world of martial arts.
Let’s take a closer look at these issues, and go through the history of the emergence of MMA, study its principles and rules, consider the prospects for the development of this sport.
MMA (Mixed Martial Arts),- mixed martial arts. This is the name of the sport that has won millions’ hearts and whose popularity continues to grow. This is the sport of the future, but its connection with the past is undoubtedly apparent. After all, MMA contains the wealthiest heritage of various martial arts.
A bit of ancient history.
First, you need to look into the past to see the roots of antiquity’s martial arts, which became the progenitors of modern MMA.
al arts have an ancient ancestor called pankration. This single combat was an Olympic sport, back in 648 BC.
It was pankration that was very similar to MMA and became its progenitor. The fighters used a variety of striking techniques with arms and legs, knees, elbows and palms. Pankration, the first of all martial arts, introduced the principle of punches in series.
But unlike the fistfights of the time, pankration was not a “bloody fight”. If fist fighters often died in competitions, then there were no cases of death of pankration fighters.
Even images on antique vases have survived, showing fragments of battles in pankration.
Pankration could not compete with gladiatorial competitions in brilliance and brilliance.
Mixed martial arts in the 20th century.
At the end of the 19th century, a revival of the sporting era began, and the evolution of martial and sport disciplines started in various parts of the world. With the accelerated development of technological progress and transport links across the globe, carriers of various “mixed martial art” have an opportunity to meet like never before.
Even then, the question was prevalent – what martial arts fighter will come out the winner in a street fight. Of course, the fighters were not forced to fight on the street, and these questions were clarified in the ring, which subsequently gave rise to the so-called cross-matches, where, for example, a boxer met in a duel with a fighter.
Western European boxers’ fights with jiu-jitsu wrestlers were very popular, where the rules allowed wrestlers to use only throws, grabs and chokes, and boxers could use superior striking hand techniques. In these fights, wrestlers were forbidden to strike, and boxers were prohibited from using wrestling techniques.
It was a “one-sided” competition because boxers could successfully perform at a distance and in a clinch, but their advantage ended when it came to parterre. According to statistics, victories in most cases were won by representatives of ju-jitsu.
The geography of such competitions covered Europe, Japan and the countries of the Pacific basin. Such tournaments lasted until the 25s—years of the twentieth century.
Meanwhile, an event in Brazil is directly related to the birth of modern mixed martial arts. Brothers from the Gracie family received the knowledge of the art of jiu-jitsu from the Japanese master Mayeda.
In 1925, the brothers opened a jiu-jitsu academy and then began to challenge representatives of other martial arts schools to prove the superiority of Brazilian jiu-jitsu.
The battles were fought with a minimum set of restrictions, and were called Vale – Tudo, which was translated from Portuguese as “everything is allowed.”
The history of mixed martial arts resembles two streams that originated in different places but then merged. At first glance, it might seem that all these events, separated by a great distance and considerable time, are in no way connected. However, they set the stage and sowed the seeds that will grow into a new sport called MMA.
Modern mixed martial arts originated in three countries: Brazil, Japan and the United States. The main tournaments held in the early to mid-90s were the Brazilian Vale – Tudo, the Japanese PRIDE promotion and the North American UFC promotion. It was these organizations that brought modern MMA to the top of the sports industry.
So what exactly is modern MMA? Let’s consider.
MMA is a full-contact combat sport, including striking and wrestling techniques used both in the standing position and in the ground. Modern MMA has incorporated many techniques and trends from various martial arts and martial arts, making it a separate fighting school.
MMA is a universal type of martial arts, and its strategy is not limited to any specific set of techniques or techniques. Various tactics can win a battle, from an open exchange in a standing position to a long exhausting clinch.
Drummers pull up the wrestling base, and the wrestlers practice their striking technique. You can’t survive without fighting intelligence in modern MMA. The fighter must read the opponent and make decisions with lightning speed. He must have a plan for the battle, but if necessary, be able to improvise.
Fighters from different sports are moving to MMA, but the wrestlers have more advantages since a fight close to reality almost always goes to the ground after the exchange of punches.
It is difficult for a drummer to get up from the floor, and therefore often, in confrontations between wrestlers and drummers, the fight ends in the ground, the drummer’s loss.
A little about the rules of MMA.
There is a widespread belief that MMA fights without rules, or without limits. This name stuck after the first tournaments in the UFC league when fighters entered the octagon with their bare hands.
This opinion is erroneous since, in MMA, there is a wide range of rules and restrictions aimed at preserving fighters’ life and health.
Most of the prohibitions apply specifically to striking technique. Consider some of the limitations that are present not only in MMA but in all permitted single combats.
various impacts to the back of the head; – multiple blows to the groin; – blows to the eyes and their squeezing; – bites scratches; – various blows to the throat and trachea; – deliberate injury to the nostrils, ears, mouth; – deliberate blows to the spine; – blows on the heels; – intentional throwing of a fighter out of the cage or ring; – trampling or kicking, lying down and not having the ability to resist a fighter.
These are just some of the prohibitions that prove that MMA is not a fight without rules. If in MMA the goal was to destroy the opponent, then there would not be a judge in the octagon, but orderlies with a stretcher.
There are also rules of aesthetic orientation. You can not be disrespectful to the referee, judges, your opponent. You cannot attack the opponent while communicating with the judge or referee.
But today, there are many promotions, and the rules may differ. But still, it is worth considering the general provisions for conducting MMA fights.
Equipment and ammunition for MMA.
The cage consists of flooring, racks protected for fighters’ safety with plywood shields and mats, and a metal mesh stretched between the racks.
The battlespace should be between 36 and 42 square meters. The ring flooring consists of plywood, polyurethane foam mats, covered with PVC-based synthetic fabric. The coating should not be slippery and should not collect or crumple.
The fighters’ ammunition consists of shorts approved by the MMA rules, MMA gloves, a protective bandage, a mouth guard to protect the jaw and a protective bandage worn on the groin (shell).
MMA as a business.
MMA is a spectacular sporting show that is extremely popular with fans around the world. In addition to the famous martial arts, MMA is becoming a leader in the sports industry.
Promotions and athletes receive a lot of money for fighting. MMA is already starting to catch up with the sport of boxing in terms of profitability.
MMA stars are on everyone’s lips, and they are not inferior in recognition to the stars of the music or film industry. Star Fighter salaries boost amounts of six or even seven zeros.
MMA is also rapidly developing in Russia and has already received the status of an official sport. In addition to professional leagues, there are also competitions for amateurs.
The keyword here is “developing”. This has nothing to do with the training of the fighters or the lack of money for tournaments. This is due to the ability to conduct business in this area.
The fighters in American promotions have the highest salaries, and all athletes strive to get into these promotions. In Russian leagues, there is an incubation period for the formation of athletes.
So far, our organizations cannot offer anything new in terms of business. This symbiosis of martial arts and sports disciplines will make many of them either decorative or forgotten. Mixed martial arts have already answered several interesting questions about which martial arts people are stronger.
It’s all in the past. Now schools and directions in MMA will compete. Tactics, combat strategy developed by coaching teams, and the school of fighters’ physical training will be decisive.