Who is José Revueltas, a Communist writer who was imprisoned in Likimbury and the Marias Islands

José Revueltas Prison in Lakemperry and Marias Islands (Photo: Twitter @ INEHRM)

This Wednesday, April 14th 45 years after the death of Jose Revueltas, A famous Mexican writer and activist who has emerged as one of the most important figures in the country’s artistic creation.

In a revolutionary spirit, On November 20, 1914, he was born in the municipality of Santiago Papaskiaro, Durango.. However, six years after his birth, the Revueltas family moved to Mexico City. After the death of his father, the young man dropped out of school and Educated in a self-made way at the National Library.

I started practicing political militancy at a very young age because At the age of 13 he joined Socorro Rojo Internationale. In 1930, Shortly after entering the Communist Party of Mexico (PCM), he was imprisoned for political propaganda. This is the first time that the writer has been transferred to Islas Marias, a situation that occurred again in November 1932.

As it happened with many artistic figures, his experiences in prison strengthened his literary work and his achievement They express their impressions of what prisoners are suffering in detention. To this period corresponds to the narration Water walls, Which was published until 1941.

The experiences Revueltas had when he was arrested on several occasions have given way to creativity (Photo: Twitter @ INEHRM)
The experiences Revueltas had when he was arrested on several occasions have given way to creativity (Photo: Twitter @ INEHRM)

José Revueltas was a dissent from the Mexican political system in all its aspects, Including on the left. He founded the Spartacus-Leninist League and was later expelled. We can affirm that José Revueltas did not see a belief in Marxism, but rather saw a tool of social emancipation.And the Refers to the Ministry of Culture (Seculta) in a text published in 2014.

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The year 1943 has been a difficult time for the writer since then His version Human mourning He won the National Literature Prize. In the same year, he was expelled from the Chinese Communist Party when he collided with the leadership of Dionisio Encinas, a situation caused by the expulsion of Hernan Laborde and Valentin Kampa.

according to The electronic encyclopedia of Mexican philosophy, Established by the Autonomous Metropolitan University (UAM), after leaving the Communist Party of Mexico, Revueltas directed his efforts to build The socialist force that would unify the different voices of the aforementioned political thought.

In addition to being a novelist and short story writer, José Revueltas has worked as a screenwriter, essayist, and political critic (Image: Twitter @ INEHRM)
In addition to being a novelist and short story writer, José Revueltas has worked as a screenwriter, essayist, and political critic (Image: Twitter @ INEHRM)

During this assignment, the author had a more intense relationship with Vicente Lombardo Toledano. According to a clip carried by the educational establishment, the aim of this new organization was to help build the working class party.

My criteria were as follows. The People’s Party (the People’s Party) was to be born, and that was very good, like the party of the great petty-bourgeois masses., Whose role is very important, and decisive in Mexico, within the general tactics and strategies of the proletariat. Then the Marxists would have a task, within the People’s Party, to act as an organized department representing the interests of the working class.And laying the foundations so that, in the not-too-distant future, An authentic Marxist-Leninist party can be created (By the unity of the Marxist part with other groups, including the more conscious militants of the Chinese Communist Party) that will have the most steadfast ally in the party of the urban petty-bourgeoisie and the peasant classes in which it will necessarily become the popular party. In the way I predicted it, ”the famous writer stated in his post-mortem memoirs published in the second volume of his book Required provocations.

José Revueltas was an opponent of the Mexican political system in all its aspects, including the left (Photo: Twitter @ INEHRM)
José Revueltas was an opponent of the Mexican political system in all its aspects, including the left (Photo: Twitter @ INEHRM)

Besides being a novelist and short story writer, José Revueltas has worked as a screenwriter, essayist, and political critic. In 1967 he was awarded the Xavier Villaurrutia Prize for his literary career. Octavio Paz said it was “One of the best jelly books and one of the purest men in Mexico.”

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The year 1968 was a decisive year in the life of the author, when the student movement was born in Mexico. After this historical episode, José Revueltas was imprisoned again in Lykemperry. From this experience another text emerges, The dialectic of consciousness (1982), which was published posthumously, combining the author’s last corrections with other incomplete essays, ” says the UAM text.

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